The Nature and Consequences of Indirect Effects in Ecological Communities

The Nature and Consequences of Indirect Effects in Ecological Communities J. Timothy Wootton Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 25:443-466 (Volume publication date November 1994) https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.25.110194.002303 PDF Available Five simple types of indirect effects have been regularly demonstrated in nature: exploitative com­petition, trophic cascades, apparent competition, indirect mutualism, and in­teraction modifications. Detailed experimental investigations of... Continue Reading →

Aquarium History

Let the word AQUARIUM then be the one selected to indicate these interesting collections of aquatic animals and plants, distinguishing it as a Freshwater Aquarium, if contents be fluviatile, or a Marine Aquarium, if it be such as I have made the subject of the present volume. – The Aquarium, Philip Henry Gosse, 1856. The start... Continue Reading →

Long-term effects of nutrient and CO2 enrichment on the temperate coral Astrangia poculata (Ellis and Solander, 1786)

Long-term effects of nutrient and CO2 enrichment on the temperate coral Astrangia poculata (Ellis and Solander, 1786) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, APRIL 2010 DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2010.02.007 PDF Available From the article abstract, minimally edited for clarity: Coral calcification rates[...]were not significantly affected by moderately elevated nutrients at ambient CO2 and were negatively affected... Continue Reading →

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