Harmful Algae 55:202-212, May 2016
Laura Pezzolesia, Silvana Vanuccib, Carmela Dell’Aversanoc, Emma Dello Iacovoc, Luciana Tartaglionec, Rossella Pistocchi
Blooms of the toxic dinoﬂagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata are usually associated with shallow and calmcoastal waters, characterized by low nutrient concentrations. The algal cells typically cover the benthicsubstrates, such as the macroalgal and invertebrate communities and rocks, forming a mucilaginous ﬁlm.
The obtained results strongly suggest that in the environment toxin production is steadily sustained by a low and constant nutrient supply, able to maintain appropriate cellular C:N (>12) or C:P (>170) ratios for a long period.
That’s just from the abstract….still need to digest the details on this one.